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Web3 Data Characteristics Overview

The transition from the read-only Web1 to the read-write Web2, and now to the ownership-focused Read-Write-Own Web3, represents an inevitable trend in the Internet’s evolution. At the core of Web3 is the emphasis on data ownership, encompassing both digital assets and user data control.

Decentralized cloud storage serves as a crucial foundation for the development of the Web3 era, enabling distributed storage and authentication of data. By exploring the distinctive characteristics of Web3 data and how decentralized cloud storage technology fulfills these traits, we gain valuable insights into its capabilities.

Web3 Data Characteristics

In terms of data, Web1 required content creators to manage their own servers and distribution infrastructure, placing the responsibility of data storage on the publishers. Web2, on the other hand, relied on social media platforms that provide unlimited storage space to attract users to create and upload content, which was then stored and used in a centralized manner, allowing various business models to profit from the data at the expense of user privacy. As a result, users did not have data ownership or privacy, and were restricted by certain social media platforms that locked them into a fixed ecosystem, leading to significant social migration costs between different ecosystems.

Web3 addresses these existing issues by leveraging decentralized cloud storage technology, where blockchain networks enable global consumers to access stored data. Therefore, It’s crucial for infrastructure to prioritize building the data characteristics of Web3 and unlocking its data potential. The data in Web3 typically possesses the following three key characteristics:

Reclaiming Data Control

Data ownership returns to the hands of users. The protection of data ownership should extend beyond the platform level and even reach a global level, ensuring the collective power of digital world users through worldwide consensus. In the traditional world, this protection is at the platform level, where rules are determined without consensus. This gives a single platform-level company the ability to control and change these rules, posing a risk of encroaching upon users’ personal ownership.

Data privacy protection

Data privacy security is safeguarded through cryptography and blockchain technology, rather than relying solely on database network security. Selective encryption controlled by users is one of the fundamental rights of data ownership.

High-frequency data update

Supporting real-time and high-frequency dynamic data remains challenging for the underlying infrastructure of Web3 to achieve. The current issue faced by the industry is the slow storage and write operations on the blockchain, stemming from the need to ensure the security design of blockchain systems. The length (size) of any blockchain distributed ledger significantly increases with usage. Therefore, meeting the high-frequency update and real-time data requirements necessary for Web3 is another crucial data characteristic that cannot be ignored.

CESS Empowers Web3 Data Characteristics

Unlocking the value of Web3 data

Building an infrastructure tailored for Web3, CESS fulfills the demands of Web3, including data storage, data ownership, privacy protection, and data monetization. With three years of dedicated work, CESS offers a holistic storage solution that perfectly aligns with Web3’s data characteristics. By unleashing the value of Web3 data, CESS promotes the sharing and circulation of data value, enabling seamless data transactions and collaboration.

Empowering data ownership: restoring ownership to users

CESS utilizes MDRC (Multi-Format Data Rights Confirmation) mechanism, where storage miners preprocess user-uploaded data by extracting digital fingerprints, storing them on the blockchain, and performing fingerprint matching. These blockchain-based fingerprints serve as the unique proof of data ownership, ensuring data rights within the CESS network. Through MDRC, CESS returns data ownership to the rightful owners.

Massive storage with real-time updates and privacy protection

CESS introduces DeOSS (Decentralized Object Storage Service), a pioneering decentralized, object-based storage service within the CESS network. DeOSS aims to provide decentralized storage for users with high-frequency dynamic data storage needs, offering fast read/write operations, high security, scalability, and privacy management. DeOSS enables real-time data sharing while ensuring data privacy through privacy management and hierarchical privacy permissions. Users have the freedom to choose whether to make their data public, private, or selectively shared.

Moreover, CESS innovatively introduces TEE (Trusted Execution Environment) to enable encryption, storage proof, decryption, and other data processing tasks under the PoDR² (Proof of Data Reduplication and Recovery) mechanism. This ensures confidentiality and integrity to maintain data security and privacy.

Data value monetization, empowering users to share data and get their fair share

CESS introduces a decentralized proxy re-encryption mechanism, enabling data owners to transfer ownership of data among users without revealing the data content. This ensures maximum utilization of data value while maintaining privacy.


Empowering every business and user with data ownership is fundamental in Web3. The value generated from the data circulation should benefit the data owners themselves. CESS provides a robust infrastructure to foster a new era of data economy, where users have control over data ownership, privacy rights, and value benefits!

2023.05.12 14:35